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Kasparov, G. K. (Garri Kimovich), 1963-
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Other form(s) of name
- Kasparov, Garry, 1963-
- Kasparov, Garri Kimovich, 1963
- Kasparov, Gary, 1963-
- Weinstein, Garry, 1963-
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Born in Baku, Azerbaijan as Garry Weinstein, his name was changed by authorities following the death of his father. Kasparov was a chess protege and by the age of twelve (12) had won the USSR under-18 championship and by sixteen (16) he was world junior champion. He became notable for his 1984-1985 match with Anatoli Karpov for the world title in which 48 games were played over a six month period and both players exhibited physical and psychological strain resulting in the Fédération International des Échecs [FIDE; International Chess Federation] abandoning the match. After six months recuperation, the match began from scratch and Kasparov came out victorious. Kasparov successfully defended the title in 1986, 1987, and 1990. Disputes with FIDE led him to establish the Grandmasters' Association in 1987 and then in 1993 the Professional Chess Association (PCA) as a rival to the FIDE. Now competing under the PCA, Kasparov won its world title in 1994 and would hold it until 2000. In recent years, Kasparov has become more involved in Russian politics this has brought him into conflict with Russian leader Vladimir Putin.
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This authority description of Garri Kasparov contains information from VIAF (Virtual International Authority File) [http://viaf.org/viaf/99874643; http://viaf.org/viaf/5199149719139811130005] which are made available under the ODC Attribution License [http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/].
Rockwood, Camilla, ed. Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd., 2007.