Canada. Lands Patent Branch

Identity area

Type of entity

Secondary Agency

Authorized form of name

Canada. Lands Patent Branch

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Lands Patent Branch
  • Lands Patent Division

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1881-1930

History

The Lands Patent Branch was originally established in 1881 to maintain the records produced in the land patenting process and to process land applications from institutions. It was originally administered from a central office in Ottawa, but an office was later opened in Winnipeg and local field staff assumed many of the lands patent duties. In 1883, the Lands Patent Branch took over the full functions of a land registry office in relation to federally-controlled western lands. Previously, many of these duties had been administered by the Office of the Registrar General of Canada, part of the Department of the Secretary of State of Canada. In 1928, the name of the agency was changed to Lands Patent Division. In 1930, the Lands Patent Division was dissolved when the provinces took over the responsibility for all unconveyed lands.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

The Lands Patent Branch was created in 1881 to record and preserve all documentary evidence produced in the land patenting process, and to take and process land applications from those institutions which did not apply for land grants at the local Dominion Lands Agencies, namely churches, schools, charitable organizations, railways, and provincial roads departments. By 1883, their mandate expanded to encompass the full functions of a land registry office in relation to federally-controlled western lands.

Mandates/sources of authority

Order-in-Council, P.C. 2489, 7-10 December 1883

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Canada. Dept of the Interior (1873-1936)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 4

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1881-1930

Description of relationship

Canada. Lands Patent Branch is a subordinate agency to Canada. Dept of the Interior

Related entity

Canada. Dept. of the Interior

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1881-1930

Description of relationship

Canada. Dept. of the Interior is the controlling agency for Canada. Lands Patent Branch

Related entity

Canada. Office of the Registrar General of Canada (1868-1966)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 3

Category of the relationship

temporal

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Canada. Office of the Registrar General of Canada is the predecessor of Canada. Lands Patent Branch

Related entity

Saskatchewan. Dept. of Natural Resources (1930-1944)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 12

Category of the relationship

temporal

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Saskatchewan. Dept. of Natural Resources is the successor of Canada. Lands Patent Branch

Related entity

Saskatchewan. Lands Branch (1931-)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 37

Category of the relationship

temporal

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Canada. Lands Patent Branch is the predecessor of Saskatchewan. Lands Branch

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

GA 5

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Authority record created on 2008-03-05. Approved 2012-01-24. Last modified on 2017-11-29.

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

National Archives of Canada ArchiviaNet, Lands Patent Branch administrative history, R190-0-3-E.
The Records of the Department of the Interior and Research Concerning Canada's Western Frontier of Settlement by Irene M. Spry and Bennett McCardle.
Annual Report, Dept. of the Interior, 1924-1925.
AMICUS Authorities - no entry found.

Maintenance notes

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