Canada. Dept of the Interior

Zona de identificação

tipo de entidade

Primary Agency

Forma autorizada do nome

Canada. Dept of the Interior

Forma(s) paralela(s) de nome

Forma normalizada do nome de acordo com outras regras

Outra(s) forma(s) do nome

  • Dept. of the Interior

identificadores para entidades coletivas

área de descrição

datas de existência

1873-1936

história

In 1869, the Government of Canada finalized an agreement with the Hudson’s Bay Company to acquire Rupert’s Land from the Hudson’s Bay Company, an area that incorporates all of the present-day provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, part of British Columbia and all of Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories. To centralize the administration and promote the settlement and development of this newly-acquired territory, the Department of the Interior was established by the federal government in 1873. During its 63 years of existence, the Department established a multitude of branches and sub-agencies, with most focused on its core areas of operation related to land sales and survey, First Nations and Métis relations, natural resource development and immigration in western Canada. For periods of time, the Department also administered functions of government that involved operations in all areas of the country, such as immigration, museums, national parks, tourism and geological surveys. Several branches operated within the Department of the Interior evolved into separate agencies or departments of the federal government, including Indian Affairs, Immigration, the Geological Survey of Canada, Parks Canada, and the North-West Mounted Police.

In 1930, the federal government transferred all responsibility for crown land and natural resource administration to the provinces. In Saskatchewan, these functions were assumed by the Department of Natural Resources. The Department of the Interior ceased to exist on December 1, 1936. Its remaining functions were amalgamated with those of the Departments of Mines, Immigration and Indian Affairs to create the Department of Mines and Resources.

Locais

status legal

funções, ocupações e atividades

The Department of the Interior was created in 1873. A major function of the Department was the administration of the Dominion Lands Act of 1872, including land surveying, title registration, and the administration and development of natural resources in all parts of western Canada except southern British Columbia. The Department also controlled relations with First Nations and Métis peoples including treaty negotiations, promoted immigration to the Canadian west, and established land reserves for First Nations peoples, the railway companies, the Hudson's Bay Company, towns, research stations, churches, and schools. In 1930, the Department transferred responsibility for the registration of land patents and administration of natural resources to the provinces, who then took over jurisdiction of the patented and unpatented crown lands. With the transfer of these responsibilities, the Department devolved many of its duties and was ultimately dissolved in 1936.

Mandatos/Fontes de autoridade

An Act to Provide for the Establishment of the Dept. of the Interior (SC 36Vic[1873], c.4).

Estruturas internas/genealogia

contexto geral

Área de relacionamento

Entidade relacionada

Canada. Lands Patent Branch (1881-1930)

Identificador da entidade relacionada

GA 5

Categoria da relação

hierárquica

Datas da relação

1881-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Descrição da relação

Entidade relacionada

Canada. Dept. of the Interior. School Lands Branch (1879-1930)

Identificador da entidade relacionada

GA 167

Categoria da relação

hierárquica

Datas da relação

1881-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Descrição da relação

Entidade relacionada

Canada. Dept. of the Interior. School Lands Branch (1879-1930)

Identificador da entidade relacionada

GA 167

Categoria da relação

hierárquica

Datas da relação

1879-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Descrição da relação

Entidade relacionada

Saskatchewan. Dept. of Natural Resources (1930-1944)

Identificador da entidade relacionada

GA 12

Categoria da relação

cronológica

Datas da relação

Descrição da relação

Entidade relacionada

Canada. Department of Mines and Resources

Identificador da entidade relacionada

Categoria da relação

cronológica

Datas da relação

Descrição da relação

Entidade relacionada

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces (1867-1873)

Identificador da entidade relacionada

GA 2

Categoria da relação

cronológica

Tipo de relação

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

é o antecessor de

Canada. Dept of the Interior

Datas da relação

1873

Descrição da relação

Área de pontos de acesso

Pontos de acesso - Assuntos

Pontos de acesso - Locais

Ocupações

Zona do controlo

Identificador do registo de autoridade

GA 4

Identificador da instituição

Regras ou convenções utilizadas

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)

Estatuto

Final

Nível de detalhe

Datas de criação, revisão ou eliminação

Authority record created on 2008-03-05. Approved 2012-01-24. Last modified on 2017-11-29.

Línguas e escritas

Script(s)

Fontes

Records of the Department of the Interior and Research concerning Canada's Western Frontier Settlement, Irene M. Spry and Bennett McCardle, 1993.
Dept. of Natural Resources Annual Report, 1930.
CAIN Entry No. 257617, Dept. of the Interior fonds, National Archives of Canada.

Notas de manutenção

  • Área de transferência

  • Exportar

  • EAC

Assuntos relacionados

Locais relacionados