Canada. Dept of the Interior

Zone d'identification

Type d'entité

Primary Agency

Forme autorisée du nom

Canada. Dept of the Interior

Forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

Forme(s) du nom normalisée(s) selon d'autres conventions

Autre(s) forme(s) du nom

  • Dept. of the Interior

Numéro d'immatriculation des collectivités

Zone de description

Dates d'existence

1873-1936

Historique

In 1869, the Government of Canada finalized an agreement with the Hudson’s Bay Company to acquire Rupert’s Land from the Hudson’s Bay Company, an area that incorporates all of the present-day provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, part of British Columbia and all of Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories. To centralize the administration and promote the settlement and development of this newly-acquired territory, the Department of the Interior was established by the federal government in 1873. During its 63 years of existence, the Department established a multitude of branches and sub-agencies, with most focused on its core areas of operation related to land sales and survey, First Nations and Métis relations, natural resource development and immigration in western Canada. For periods of time, the Department also administered functions of government that involved operations in all areas of the country, such as immigration, museums, national parks, tourism and geological surveys. Several branches operated within the Department of the Interior evolved into separate agencies or departments of the federal government, including Indian Affairs, Immigration, the Geological Survey of Canada, Parks Canada, and the North-West Mounted Police.

In 1930, the federal government transferred all responsibility for crown land and natural resource administration to the provinces. In Saskatchewan, these functions were assumed by the Department of Natural Resources. The Department of the Interior ceased to exist on December 1, 1936. Its remaining functions were amalgamated with those of the Departments of Mines, Immigration and Indian Affairs to create the Department of Mines and Resources.

Lieux

Statut juridique

Fonctions et activités

The Department of the Interior was created in 1873. A major function of the Department was the administration of the Dominion Lands Act of 1872, including land surveying, title registration, and the administration and development of natural resources in all parts of western Canada except southern British Columbia. The Department also controlled relations with First Nations and Métis peoples including treaty negotiations, promoted immigration to the Canadian west, and established land reserves for First Nations peoples, the railway companies, the Hudson's Bay Company, towns, research stations, churches, and schools. In 1930, the Department transferred responsibility for the registration of land patents and administration of natural resources to the provinces, who then took over jurisdiction of the patented and unpatented crown lands. With the transfer of these responsibilities, the Department devolved many of its duties and was ultimately dissolved in 1936.

Textes de référence

An Act to Provide for the Establishment of the Dept. of the Interior (SC 36Vic[1873], c.4).

Organisation interne/Généalogie

Contexte général

Zone des relations

Entité associée

Canada. Lands Patent Branch (1881-1930)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

GA 5

Type de la relation

hiérarchique

Dates de la relation

1881-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Canada. Dept. of the Interior. School Lands Branch (1879-1930)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

GA 167

Type de la relation

hiérarchique

Dates de la relation

1881-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Canada. Dept. of the Interior. School Lands Branch (1879-1930)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

GA 167

Type de la relation

hiérarchique

Dates de la relation

1879-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Saskatchewan. Dept. of Natural Resources (1930-1944)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

GA 12

Type de la relation

temporel

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Canada. Department of Mines and Resources

Identifiant de l'entité associée

Type de la relation

temporel

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces (1867-1873)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

GA 2

Type de la relation

temporel

Type de relation

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

est le prédécesseur de

Canada. Dept of the Interior

Dates de la relation

1873

Description de la relation

Zone des points d'accès

Mots-clés - Sujets

Mots-clés - Lieux

Occupations

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de la notice d'autorité

GA 4

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)

Statut

Final

Niveau de détail

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Authority record created on 2008-03-05. Approved 2012-01-24. Last modified on 2017-11-29.

Langue(s)

Écriture(s)

Sources

Records of the Department of the Interior and Research concerning Canada's Western Frontier Settlement, Irene M. Spry and Bennett McCardle, 1993.
Dept. of Natural Resources Annual Report, 1930.
CAIN Entry No. 257617, Dept. of the Interior fonds, National Archives of Canada.

Notes relatives à la mise à jour de la notice

  • Presse-papier

  • Exporter

  • EAC

Sujets associés

Lieux associés