Canada. Dept of the Interior

Área de identidad

Tipo de entidad

Primary Agency

Forma autorizada del nombre

Canada. Dept of the Interior

Forma(s) paralela(s) de nombre

Forma(s) normalizada del nombre, de acuerdo a otras reglas

Otra(s) forma(s) de nombre

  • Dept. of the Interior

Identificadores para instituciones

Área de descripción

Fechas de existencia

1873-1936

Historia

In 1869, the Government of Canada finalized an agreement with the Hudson’s Bay Company to acquire Rupert’s Land from the Hudson’s Bay Company, an area that incorporates all of the present-day provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, part of British Columbia and all of Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories. To centralize the administration and promote the settlement and development of this newly-acquired territory, the Department of the Interior was established by the federal government in 1873. During its 63 years of existence, the Department established a multitude of branches and sub-agencies, with most focused on its core areas of operation related to land sales and survey, First Nations and Métis relations, natural resource development and immigration in western Canada. For periods of time, the Department also administered functions of government that involved operations in all areas of the country, such as immigration, museums, national parks, tourism and geological surveys. Several branches operated within the Department of the Interior evolved into separate agencies or departments of the federal government, including Indian Affairs, Immigration, the Geological Survey of Canada, Parks Canada, and the North-West Mounted Police.

In 1930, the federal government transferred all responsibility for crown land and natural resource administration to the provinces. In Saskatchewan, these functions were assumed by the Department of Natural Resources. The Department of the Interior ceased to exist on December 1, 1936. Its remaining functions were amalgamated with those of the Departments of Mines, Immigration and Indian Affairs to create the Department of Mines and Resources.

Lugares

Estatuto jurídico

Funciones, ocupaciones y actividades

The Department of the Interior was created in 1873. A major function of the Department was the administration of the Dominion Lands Act of 1872, including land surveying, title registration, and the administration and development of natural resources in all parts of western Canada except southern British Columbia. The Department also controlled relations with First Nations and Métis peoples including treaty negotiations, promoted immigration to the Canadian west, and established land reserves for First Nations peoples, the railway companies, the Hudson's Bay Company, towns, research stations, churches, and schools. In 1930, the Department transferred responsibility for the registration of land patents and administration of natural resources to the provinces, who then took over jurisdiction of the patented and unpatented crown lands. With the transfer of these responsibilities, the Department devolved many of its duties and was ultimately dissolved in 1936.

Mandatos/fuentes de autoridad

An Act to Provide for the Establishment of the Dept. of the Interior (SC 36Vic[1873], c.4).

Estructura/genealogía interna

Contexto general

Área de relaciones

Entidad relacionada

Canada. Lands Patent Branch (1881-1930)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

GA 5

Categoría de la relación

jerárquica

Fechas de la relación

1881-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Canada. Dept. of the Interior. School Lands Branch (1879-1930)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

GA 167

Categoría de la relación

jerárquica

Fechas de la relación

1881-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Canada. Dept. of the Interior. School Lands Branch (1879-1930)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

GA 167

Categoría de la relación

jerárquica

Fechas de la relación

1879-01-01 - 1930-12-31

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Saskatchewan. Dept. of Natural Resources (1930-1944)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

GA 12

Categoría de la relación

temporal

Fechas de la relación

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Canada. Department of Mines and Resources

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

Categoría de la relación

temporal

Fechas de la relación

Descripción de la relación

Entidad relacionada

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces (1867-1873)

Identificador de la entidad relacionada

GA 2

Categoría de la relación

temporal

Tipo de relación

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

es el predecesor de

Canada. Dept of the Interior

Fechas de la relación

1873

Descripción de la relación

Área de puntos de acceso

Puntos de acceso por materia

Puntos de acceso por lugar

Occupations

Área de control

Identificador de registro de autoridad

GA 4

Identificador de la institución

Reglas y/o convenciones usadas

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)

Estado de elaboración

Final

Nivel de detalle

Fechas de creación, revisión o eliminación

Authority record created on 2008-03-05. Approved 2012-01-24. Last modified on 2017-11-29.

Idioma(s)

Escritura(s)

Fuentes

Records of the Department of the Interior and Research concerning Canada's Western Frontier Settlement, Irene M. Spry and Bennett McCardle, 1993.
Dept. of Natural Resources Annual Report, 1930.
CAIN Entry No. 257617, Dept. of the Interior fonds, National Archives of Canada.

Notas de mantención

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Materias relacionadas

Lugares relacionados