Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

Identity area

Type of entity

Primary Agency

Authorized form of name

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Canada. Dept of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1867-1873

History

In the reorganization of the Cabinet which confederation made necessary, two new secretarial offices were created - Secretary of State for the Provinces, and Secretary of State of Canada. Staff for the office of the Secretary of State for the Provinces was drawn from the Canada West Branch of the former Provincial Secretary's Office, while the Canada East Branch provided the personnel for the Department of Secretary of State of Canada.

Following the surrender of Rupert's Land by the Hudson's Bay Company to the new Dominion of Canada in 1869 and the subsequent passing of the Manitoba Act in 1870 (33 Vic., c. 3), the federal government, in 1872, devised the Dominion Lands Act (35 Vic., c. 23) as a means by which this vast new territory in the northwest would be administered and gradually brought into confederation. The Department of Secretary of State for the Provinces was originally designated as the federal department charged with administering this act, however, the following year, in 1873, Parliament abolished the Department and created an entirely new department, the Department of the Interior (36 Vic., c. 4), to take over this responsibility. This move effectively placed, within the jurisdiction of a single government department, all federal administrative duties for all unpatent lands west of the Manitoba/Ontario border, for all Ordnance and Admiralty Lands across the Dominion, for all Indian lands, and for all public lands not specifically under the mandate of the Departments of Public Works or Militia and Defence.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

At the time of its inception, the office of Secretary of State for the Provinces was assigned only the duty of conducting official correspondence between the federal Government and the provinces. In 1872, the Department was designated as the federal agency responsible for administering the Dominion Lands Act.

Mandates/sources of authority

For the duration of its existence the Department of Secretary of State for the Provinces rested not upon a statutory basis but only on the Order in Council of July 1, 1867, which appointed Adams George Archibald to the office (P.C. 2, 1867).
An attempt was made in 1870 to provide statutory authorization for the Department but although the bill was passed in the Senate, it was withdrawn after one reading in the House of Commons and was never re-introduced.

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Provincial Secretary (Province of Canada)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

temporal

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Provincial Secretary (Province of Canada) is the predecessor of Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

Related entity

Canada. Dept of the Interior (1873-1936)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 4

Category of the relationship

temporal

Type of relationship

Canada. Dept of the Interior

is the successor of

Canada. Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces

Dates of the relationship

1873

Description of relationship

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

GA 2

Institution identifier

Provincial Archives of Saskatchewan

Rules and/or conventions used

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)

Status

Final

Level of detail

Full

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Authority record created on 2008-03-04. Approved 2012-03-06. Last modified on 2017-11-29.

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

  • Latin

Sources

CAIN Entry No. 40153 Secretary of State for the Provinces fonds
CAIN Entry No. 40165 Department of the Interior fonds

Maintenance notes

  • Clipboard

  • Export

  • EAC

Related subjects

Related places