Canada. Canadian National Railway Company. Department of Colonization and Agriculture

Identity area

Type of entity

Secondary Agency

Authorized form of name

Canada. Canadian National Railway Company. Department of Colonization and Agriculture

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Department of Colonization and Agriculture

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1919-1963

History

In 1919, the Canadian National Railway Company (CNR), a federal Crown corporation, established a Department of Colonization and Agriculture to promote immigration and land settlement in Canada. The company believed that attracting settlers to farm in Canada would increase its rail traffic in certain regions and help dispose of some of its land grants, thus increasing its overall earnings. The company encouraged immigrants to settle adjacent to its rail lines and to use the railway to transport livestock, seed, supplies and other goods and services. In 1925, the Canadian Government, who relied on the railways to promote immigration, established the Railways Agreement. Under this agreement, the company was granted authority to select, transport and locate immigrants for permanent settlement in Canada. In Saskatchewan, the districts of Prince Albert, Kelvington, Henribourg and St. Walburg were direct targets of the CNR's settlement and branch line expansion.

The department was overseen by a director in Montreal, Quebec. Departmental personnel were located in the United Kingdom, Poland, the Ukraine and Germany, countries from which the company was particularly interested in attracting immigrants. The head office of the department's operations in western Canada was located in Winnipeg, Manitoba with district offices located in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan and Edmonton, Alberta. The department's western Canadian field agents researched settlement possibilities, met immigrants, assisted them in getting located and finding employment on farms and offered advice and training on Canadian farming methods.

The department continued its settlement work until ceasing operations in 1963.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

The Canadian National Railway Company's Department of Colonization and Agriculture was responsible for promoting immigration and land settlement in Canada.

Mandates/sources of authority

n/a

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Canada. Canadian National Railway Company (1919-1995)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 123

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1919-1963

Description of relationship

Canada. Canadian National Railway Company is the controlling agency for Canada. Canadian National Railway Company. Department of Colonization and Agriculture

Related entity

Canada. Canadian National Railway Company (1919-1995)

Identifier of the related entity

GA 123

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Canada. Canadian National Railway Company is the controlling agency for Canada. Canadian National Railway Company. Department of Colonization and Agriculture

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

GA 124

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Authority record created on 2011-10-04. Approved 2011-11-25. Last modified on 2017-11-29.

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

AMICUS Authorities - no entry found.
The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Library and Archives Canada
The People's Railway: A History of Canadian National
The Canadian Annual Review

Maintenance notes

  • Clipboard

  • Export

  • EAC

Related subjects

Related places