Hazen Robert Argue was born January 6, 1921 in Kayville, Saskatchewan. At the age of five (5) his family moved to Avonlea, where his father briefly operated a farm machinery business. In 1940, Argue entered the University of Saskatchewan to pursue a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture and graduated in 1944.
After briefly working on the family farm, Argue entered federal politics by winning the Wood Mountain constituency in the June 11, 1945 General Election as a member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and was re-elected in 1949, this time as Member of Parliament for the Assiniboia constituency. He continued to win his seat for Assinboia until April 1963, including during the 1958 General Election that led to the majority government of John Diefenbaker which nearly resulted in all CCF members to loose their seats, including CCF leader M.J. Coldwell and deputy Stanley Knowles. As a consequence, the remaining members of the CCF caucus chose Argue to be the House Leader and when Coldwell stepped down as leader, Argue was able to win the leadership in August 1960.
From the late 1950s to the early 1960s the CCF was attempting to create a new party that could better represent the interests of the CCF and those of labour unions. Although Argue was among those in the party that did not support this change in direction, in 1961 when the New Democratic Party (NDP) was formed out of these efforts, Argue became a candidate for its leadership. He was defeated by Tommy Douglas on the first ballot, and despite a concession speech indicating he would work with Douglas to make the new party successful, bitterness (primarily with the party’s executive) that arose during the leadership campaign remained and within six months Argue crossed the floor to become a member of the Liberal Party caucus.
As a member of the Liberal Party, Argue would be re-elected in the Assinboia riding in 1962, but was subsequently defeated in the General Election of April 1963 by Lawrence Watson.
During his time as a Member of Parliament, Argue served on multiple committees: House of Commons Standing Committee on Public Accounts (1945-1946, 1951, 1953-1957); House of Commons Standing Committee on Agriculture and Colonization (1945-1950, 1952-1963); House of Commons Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce (1946-1953, 1956-1957, 1960-1962); House of Commons Standing Committee on Miscellaneous Private Bills (1949-1953); Standing Joint Committee on Printing (1949-1953); House of Commons Special Committee on the Dominion elections act, 1938, and amendments thereto (1950-1951); House of Commons Special Committee on Railway Legislation (1951); House of Commons Special Committee on Redistribution (1952); House of Commons Special Committee on Procedure of the House of Commons (1955); House of Commons Special Committee on Estimates (1955-1957); House of Commons Standing Committee on External Affairs (1957-1959); House of Commons Standing Committee of Selection (1958); Standing Joint Committee on the Library of Parliament (1958-1959); House of Commons Standing Committee on Standing Orders (1958-1962); House of Commons Standing Committee on Estimates (1958, 1960-1963); House of Commons Standing Committee on Industrial Relations (1959); House of Commons Standing Committee on Mines, Forests and Waters (1959); House of Commons Special Committee on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1960); House of Commons Special Committee on Procedure of the House (1960-1961); House of Commons Standing Committee on Debates (1960-1962); and House of Commons Standing Committee on Railways, Canals and Telegraph Lines (1962-1963).
In 1965, Argue attempted to regain his seat in the House of Commons, but was again defeated by Lawrence Watson of the Progressive Conservatives. However, Argue’s role in federal politics was not over, as he was appointed to the Senate on February 24, 1966 as a Liberal.
Argue participated in the following Senate committees: Standing Committee on Natural Resources (1966-1968); Standing Committee on Immigration and Labour (1966-1969); Special Committee on Science Policy (1967-1968); Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs (1969-1972); Standing Committee on Banking, Trade and Commerce (1970-1972); Standing Committee on Transport and Communications (1970-1974); Standing Committee on Standing Rules and Orders (1972-1977); Standing Committee on Agriculture (serving as the chair from 1972-1979); Standing Committee on Health, Welfare and Science (1973-1977); Standing Committee on Internal Economy, Budgets and Administration (1973-1979, 1984-1988); Senate Special Committee on the Constitution (1978); Standing Committee on Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (1984-1986); Standing Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (1986, 1989-1991); and Special Committee on Preventive Health Care (1988). In addition, when in 1980, the Liberals failed to win a seat west of Manitoba, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau named Argue as Minister of State (for the Canadian Wheat Board).
In 1989 Argue faced allegations of using public funds to help his wife (Eugenia/Jean) to win the Liberal Party nomination in an Ottawa riding for the 1988 federal election. These allegations resulted in the laying of charges of the misuse of public funds and fraud, but in 1991 charges were dropped.
Argue continued to serve as a Senator until his death on October 2, 1991.