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Authority record
Premiers - Saskatchewan

Anderson, James Thomas Milton, 1878-1946

  • PA 522
  • Person
  • 1878-1946

James Thomas Milton Anderson was born on July 23, 1878, in Fairbank, Ontario, to James and Mary (Ferris) Anderson. He received his early education in Fairbank and in Toronto. He taught for six years in Algoma, Ontario, before relocating to Manitoba in 1906 and subsequently to Saskatchewan in 1908 where he taught at Gravel Plain S.D. #1492 near Melville. He moved to Grenfell in 1910 where he served as teacher and principal of Grenfell Village School. In the fall of 1911, Anderson was appointed Inspector of Schools by the provincial Department of Education and served in this role until 1918. Concurrent to his employment, Anderson earned a Bachelor of Arts degree (1911), a Bachelor of Laws degree (1913), and a Master of Arts degree (1914) from the University of Manitoba, and a Doctorate of Pedagogy from the University of Toronto in 1918. Also in 1918, Anderson's book The Education of the New Canadian: A Treatise on Canada's Greatest Educational Problem was published. From 1918 to 1922, Anderson served as provincial Director of Education Among New Canadians, and from 1922 until 1924, was Inspector of Schools for the Saskatoon City district and an instructor at the Saskatoon Normal School.

Anderson became leader of the Conservative Party in Saskatchewan at its convention in March 1924. He was first elected to the Saskatchewan Legislature in 1925 as the Conservative Party Member of the Legislative Assembly for the Saskatoon City constituency. He was re-elected in the June 1929 general election. On September 4, 1929, the minority Liberal Government was defeated in a motion of confidence by a coalition comprised of Conservative, Progressive and Independent members of the Legislature. Anderson was sworn in as Premier of Saskatchewan and President of the Executive Council on September 9, 1929. He also served as Minister of Education (1929-1934) and Minister of Natural Resources (1930-1934). In response to the socio-economic crisis of the Depression, Anderson's self-described "co-operative government" established the Saskatchewan Relief Commission and the Debt Adjustment Board in 1931. It also made amendments to The School Act in an effort to make public schools more secular, and to The Public Service Act through the establishment of the Public Service Commission. The formal transfer of the jurisdiction of Crown lands and natural resources in 1930 also occurred during Anderson's premiership. The Anderson Government was defeated in the 1934 general election by the Liberal Party led by James Gardiner.

Although he lost his seat in Legislature in the 1934 election, Anderson continued as leader of the Conservative Party until October 1936. He then operated an insurance business in Saskatoon until September 1944 when he was appointed as Acting Superintendent of the Provincial School for the Deaf. Anderson died in Saskatoon on December 29, 1946. He was interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in Saskatoon.

Anderson married Edith Redgwick on July 26, 1911, in Grenfell. They had two children: Byron and Elaine. Edith Anderson died in Saskatoon on July 12, 1947, and was interred beside her husband at Woodlawn Cemetery.

Calvert, Lorne, 1952-

  • PA 276
  • Person
  • 1952-

Lorne Albert Calvert was born on December 24, 1952 in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan to Albert Calvert and Beulah (Phillips) Calvert. He earned a Bachelor of Arts (Economics) degree from the University of Regina and a Bachelor of Divinity (Theology) degree from St. Andrew's College, University of Saskatchewan.

In 1976, Calvert was ordained in the United Church of Canada and served various congregations in rural Saskatchewan. He was Minister of Zion United Church in Moose Jaw from 1979 to 1986.

Calvert was first elected to the Saskatchewan Legislature in 1986 and served as a New Democratic Party Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for the Moose Jaw South (1986-1991) and Moose Jaw Wakamow (1991-1999) constituencies. He was elected MLA for the Saskatoon Riversdale constituency in 2001.

Calvert served in the Roy Romanow Government from 1992 to 1998 as Associate Minister of Health (1992-1995); Minister of Health (1995) and Minister of Social Services (1995-1998). Calvert was Minister Responsible for Saskatchewan Power Corporation (1992-1993); SaskEnergy Inc. (1992-1993); Souris Basin Development Authority (1992-1993); Wakamow Valley Authority (1992-1998); Health Services Utilization and Research Commission (1995); Public Service Commission (1995-1998); Seniors (1995-1998); and Disabilities Directorate (1997-1998).

Calvert resigned from Cabinet in 1998 and did not run in the 1999 provincial general election. He worked as a social policy advisor to Premier Romanow from 1999 to 2000. Calvert was elected Leader of the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party on January 27, 2001 and became Premier of Saskatchewan and President of the Executive Council on February 8, 2001. He was re-elected in the 2003 general election and served as Premier of Saskatchewan until his Government was defeated in the 2007 general election by the Saskatchewan Party. Calvert announced his retirement as party leader and MLA on October 16, 2008 and was succeeded as leader by Dwain Lingenfelter on June 6, 2009.

Calvert currently (2009) is Principal of St. Andrew's College at the University of Saskatchewan.

Lorne Calvert married Betty Anne Sluzalo on October 25, 1975. They have two children: David Lorne and Stephanie Anne.

Devine, D. Grant, 1944-

  • PA 2
  • Person
  • 1944-

Donald Grant Devine was born in Regina, Saskatchewan on July 5, 1944 to Donald William Devine and Bette Jean Ford. He has one sister and two brothers. He was raised on the family farm near Lake Valley, Saskatchewan and attended Brownlee School.

In 1967, Devine obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture from the University of Saskatchewan. He also earned Masters degrees in Agricultural Economics and Business Administration from the University of Alberta in 1970. After graduating, Devine worked as a marketing specialist with the Department of Agriculture in Ottawa, Ontario. In 1976, he earned a PhD in Agricultural Economics from Ohio State University and joined the faculty of the University of Saskatchewan, where he taught Agricultural Marketing and Consumer Economics.

Devine's political career began in 1978, when he ran unsuccessfully in the Saskatoon Nutana constituency. He also lost a 1980 by-election in the Estevan constituency. Devine was elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Saskatchewan on November 9, 1979. He was elected 12th premier of Saskatchewan and MLA for the Estevan constituency in the April 26, 1982 general election. Devine's term as premier dated from May 8, 1982 to November 1, 1991.

Devine held various Cabinet portfolios while serving as Premier: Minister of Energy and Mines (1983); Minister of Highways and Transportation (1985); Minister of Agriculture (1985-1989) and Minister of Agriculture and Food (1989-1991). He was also Minister Responsible for numerous agencies, boards and commissions.

Devine stepped down as leader of the Conservative party on October 8, 1992 and did not seek re-election in 1995. Larry Campbell Ward (NDP) was elected MLA for the Estevan constituency.

Upon retiring from politics, Devine returned to teaching at the University of Saskatchewan. He also operated Grant Devine Farms and Consulting Services Ltd. and served on the board of directors of Agrium Inc. In January 2004 after an unsuccessful bid as the federal Conservative party candidate for the riding of Souris-Moose Mountain, Devine ran as an independent in that riding and was defeated in the 2004 federal election.

Devine currently (2009) farms near Caron, Saskatchewan.

Grant Devine married Chantal Guillaume, a teacher, in 1966. They have five children: Michelle, Monique, David, John and Camille.

Dunning, Charles Avery, 1885-1958

  • PA 521
  • Person
  • 1885-1958

Charles Avery Dunning was born on July 31, 1885, in Croft, Leicestershire, England, to Samuel and Katherine (Hall) Dunning. He was educated at Leicester until age 11 when he left school and became an office boy at the local patent office. At age 14, he became an apprentice at an engineering firm. Dunning emigrated to Canada in 1902 and settled near Yorkton, North-West Territories, where he worked as a farm labourer. In 1903, he was granted entry on a homestead at NE 20-26-6 W2 in the Beaverdale district.

As a farmer, Dunning was active in the Beaverdale local of the Saskatchewan Grain Growers' Association (SGGA). He was elected as a director of the SGGA in 1910 and as a vice-president in 1911. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator Company, and served as its first general manager from 1914 until 1916.

In October 1916, Dunning was appointed by the Premier of Saskatchewan, W.M. Martin, to serve as Provincial Treasurer in his Cabinet. Dunning was first elected to the Saskatchewan Legislature in a November 1916 by-election as the Liberal Party Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for the Kinistino constituency. He was elected as the MLA for the Moose Jaw County constituency in 1917 and was re-elected in 1921 and 1925. In addition to his portfolio as Provincial Treasurer (1916-1926), Dunning served as Minister of Railways (1917-1919, 1922-1926), Minister of Telephones (1918-1919), Minister of Agriculture (1919-1920), Provincial Secretary (1921-1922), Minister of Municipal Affairs (1921-1922) and Minister-in-Charge of Labour and Industries (1921-1922). Upon the resignation of Martin as Premier on April 5, 1922, Dunning was appointed leader of the Saskatchewan Liberal Party and was sworn in as Premier of Saskatchewan and President of the Executive Council. During its mandate, the Dunning Government ended prohibition, by result of a 1924 plebiscite on the issue, and established a provincial liquor board aimed at controlling the sale of alcohol. It also oversaw the establishment and early growth of the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool.

On February 26, 1926, Dunning resigned as Premier and MLA to accept a federal post as Minister of Railways and Canals in the W.L. Mackenzie King Cabinet. He served in this role in two separate terms between 1926 and 1929, and as Acting Minister in late 1929. He also served as Minister of Finance and Receiver General in two separate terms between 1929 and 1939, Dunning was elected as a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP) for the Regina constituency in 1926 and served until his defeat in 1930. He was elected as a Liberal MP for the Queen's constituency in Prince Edward Island in 1935 and served until his retirement from politics in 1939.

After leaving politics, Dunning relocated to Montreal, Quebec and was appointed president and chief executive officer of Ogilvie Flour Mills, a position held until 1947. He also sat on the boards of various other corporations and financial institutions. Dunning was appointed chancellor of Queen's University in 1940 and served in this role until his death on October 1, 1958 in Montreal. He was interred at Mount Royal Cemetery in Montreal.

Charles Dunning married Ada Rowlatt on July 3, 1913. They had two children: Katherine and Avery. Ada Dunning died in Montreal on December 2, 1963.

Martin, William Melville, 1876-1970

  • PA 488
  • Person
  • 1876-1970

William Melville Martin was born in Norwich, Ontario on August 23, 1876 to the Reverend W.M. Martin and Christine (Jameson) Martin. He attended Exeter Public School and Clinton Collegiate before entering the University of Toronto in 1894. Martin graduated in 1898 with an honours degree in classics. He then attended the Ontario School of Pedagogy in Hamilton, obtaining a teacher's certificate. Martin taught classics in Wellington County for two years before returning to university to study law at Osgoode Hall in Toronto. In 1905, Martin moved to Regina, Saskatchewan to practice law with his cousin, James Balfour.

Martin entered politics in 1908 federal election, winning the newly-created Regina constituency for the Liberals. He was re-elected in 1911. In 1916 Martin was asked to lead the Saskatchewan Liberals when Walter Scott resigned as premier. He was elected by acclamation to the Legislative Assembly representing the Regina City constituency. Martin led the Liberals to victory in the elections of 1917 and 1921. During his tenure as Premier, Martin also held cabinet posts of Minister of Education, President of the Executive Council, Minister of Railways, Attorney General, and Minister of Telephones and Telegraphs. Tensions in the Liberal caucus led to Martin's resignation in 1922.

Shortly following his retirement from politics, he was appointed a judge for the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal. Martin became Chief Justice in 1941 and held that position until his retirement in 1961. Martin served as custodian of Enemy Alien Property in Canada during World War II and was Chairman of a commission tasked with revising the Criminal Code of Canada in 1949.

Martin was active in his community throughout his life. He served as Chairman of the Board of Managers of the First Presbyterian Church of Regina from 1925 to 1942, Grand Master of the Saskatchewan Masonic Lodge in 1927, and, at various times, was President of the Canadian Red Cross Society, the Cancer Fund, the Canadian National Institute of the Blind, and Ducks Unlimited Canada.

Martin married Violette Florence Thompson on September 26, 1906. They had three sons; Walter, Douglas, and Kenneth. Martin died in Regina, Saskatchewan on June 22, 1970.

Romanow, Roy J., 1939-

  • PA 224
  • Person
  • 1939-

Roy John Romanow was born on August 12, 1939 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan to Michael and Tekla (Rakobowchuk) Romanow. He has one sister, Ann. Romanow attended Bedford Road Collegiate and the University of Saskatchewan, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science (1960) before completing his Bachelor of Laws degree in 1964. Romanow worked as an announcer at a local radio station while attending university and was president of the Students' Representative Council (1960-1961). After graduation, Romanow articled with and then joined Goldenburg, Taylor and Company, a private law firm in Saskatoon.

Romanow was first elected to the Saskatchewan Legislature in 1967 as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation-New Democratic Party Member of Legislative Assembly for the Saskatoon Riversdale Constituency. In 1970, he ran unsuccessfully for the leadership of the Saskatchewan NDP. After the 1971 NDP election victory, Romanow was appointed to the Allan Blakeney Cabinet and served as Provincial Secretary (1971-1972); Attorney General (1971-1982); Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs (1979-1982) and Deputy Premier (1971-1982). As well, he held several ministerial responsibilities between 1971 and 1982. He was appointed as Queen's Counsel in 1972.

After losing his seat in 1982, Romanow returned to practicing law in Saskatoon and was a Visiting Scholar of Law at the University of Saskatchewan from July 1982 to December 1983. In 1984, he co-authored Canada Notwithstanding, a book on the federal-provincial negotiations leading to the 1981 Constitutional Accord. Romanow also served as a member on the Canadian Medical Association Task Force on the Allocation of Health Care from 1983 to 1985. In October 1986 he re-gained his seat as MLA for Saskatoon Riversdale and was appointed Opposition House Leader.

On November 7, 1987 Romanow was elected leader of the Saskatchewan NDP and Leader of the Opposition. He became Premier of Saskatchewan and President of the Executive Council on October 21, 1991. Romanow announced his resignation from provincial politics on September 26, 2000 and was succeeded by Lorne Calvert as premier on February 8, 2001.

On April 1, 2001, Romanow was appointed Senior Fellow in Public Policy at the University of Regina and University of Saskatchewan. He was also named a visiting Fellow at Queen's University. On April 4, 2001 he was appointed Chair of the Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada. On November 13, 2003 he was appointed a member of the Security Intelligence Review Committee of the Privy Council of Canada by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien.

In 2003, Romanow was awarded the Pan American Health Organization award; the Saskatchewan Order of Merit and the Canadian Public Service Award. He was also appointed an officer of the Order of Canada and appointed to the Privy Council of Canada in 2003. Romanow received the Saskatchewan Commemorative Medal in 2005. He holds several honorary degrees from Canadian universities, including a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Saskatchewan (2007).

Romanow currently (2010) resides in Saskatoon, where he is a senior fellow in public policy in the Department of Political Studies, University of Saskatchewan.

Romanow married Eleanore Boykowich, an artist, in 1967.

Scott, Thomas Walter, 1867-1938

  • PA 520
  • Person
  • 1867-1938

Thomas Walter Scott was born on October 27, 1867, near Strathroy, Ontario, to George and Isabella (Telfer) Scott. In 1885, Scott moved to Portage La Prairie, Manitoba, where he became a printer's apprentice for the newspaper The Manitoba Liberal. In December 1886, Scott moved to Regina, North-West Territories, to work for the Regina Journal newspaper . Scott subsequently was employed by the Regina Standard and Regina Leader newspaper companies. In September 1892, J.K. McInnis and Scott formed a partnership to operate the Regina Standard. Scott purchased the Moose Jaw Times newspaper company in 1894 and moved to Moose Jaw. A year later, he purchased the Regina Leader company and returned to Regina, although he retained control of the Moose Jaw Times.

Scott was first elected to the federal House of Commons in 1900 as the Liberal Party Member of Parliament for the Assiniboia West constituency. He was re-elected in 1904. In 1905, he resigned his seat in parliament and on September 12, 1905, became the first Premier of the newly-formed province of Saskatchewan. At this time, Scott was also appointed as leader of the Saskatchewan Liberal Party. He led his party to victory in the first provincial general election in December 1905, and was re-elected in 1908 and 1912.

During his time in government, Scott served as Premier and President of the Executive Council (1905-1916), Commissioner of Public Works (1905-1909), Commissioner of Railways (1906-1908), Municipal Commissioner (1908-1909), Minister of Municipal Affairs (1909-1910), Minister of Public Works (1909-1912) and Minister of Education (1912-1916). During its mandate, the Scott Government used a co-operative model to establish rural telephone service and grain elevator operations in the province. It also established the University of Saskatchewan. Additionally, Scott oversaw the construction of the Saskatchewan Legislative Building. Scott retired from politics due to ill health on October 20, 1916.

Upon his retirement from politics, Scott relocated to Victoria, British Columbia, and travelled extensively. He resided in Victoria until the mid-1930s when he moved to Ontario. Walter Scott died in Guelph, Ontario, on March 23, 1938. He was interred at Royal Oak Burial Park in Victoria.

Walter Scott married Jessie Florence Read in Regina on May 14, 1890. They had one daughter, Dorothy. Jessie Scott died in Victoria on April 23, 1932 and was interred at Royal Oak Burial Park.