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- PA 263
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (W.C.T.U.) was one of the first women's rights movements in Canada, and one of the most active. Established in 1873 in Cleveland, Ohio (United States of America) by Frances E. Willard, the W.C.T.U. soon became the largest national (then international) women's movement. The first Canadian W.C.T.U. was founded in Picton, Prince Edward County (Ontario) in 1874 by Letitia Youmans. Soon Unions were organised across Canada, including one in Regina in 1886. The local chapters, called "Unions," enjoyed a great deal of autonomy, even though they maintained very close ties with the national chapter. In the North-West Territories under Union president Mrs. W. W. Andrews, local Unions were established in Qu'Appelle, Wolseley, and Broadview (1887); Moose Jaw (1889); Edmonton (1894); Moosomin, Maple Creek, Innisfail, Red Deer, MacLeod, and Lethbridge (1894).
In 1905, when Alberta and Saskatchewan became provinces, the North-West Territories Union was renamed the Alberta and Saskatchewan Union and continued to grow. In 1912 members decided that the Alberta and Saskatchewan Provincial Woman's Christian Temperance Union would be more effective if its efforts were split into two separate provincial Unions. The first Provincial Saskatchewan Woman's Christian Temperance Union annual convention was held in Knox Presbyterian Church in Regina in October, 1913 under the direction of president Mrs. W. W. Andrews.
Local Unions represented by the Saskatchewan Provincial W.C.T.U. were: Antler, Arcola, Balcarres, Bienfait, Bladworth, Bridgeford, Briercrest, Broadview, Caron, Carrievale, Chamberlain, Craik, Creelman, Drinkwater, Estevan, Eyebrow, Glenside, Govan, Grenfell, Heward, Imperial, Indian Head, Kinistino, Kindersley, Kisbey, Lajord, Lanigan, Liberty, Loreburn, Lumsden, Macoun, Maple Creek, Melfort, Melville, Mervin, Moose Jaw, Milestone, Netherill, North Battleford, North Portal, Oxbow, Parkdale, Plumbridge, Prince Albert, Qu'Appelle, Quill Lake, Radisson, Regina Central, Regina Westside, Regina Northside, Rostern, Rouleau, Saskatoon, Saskatoon Cleveland, Sedley, Soo Line, Sintaluta, Strasbourg, Stongfield, Stoughton, Swift Current, Saltcoats, Sheho, Spy Hill, Theodore, Unity, Wapella, Waldeck, Watrous, Welwyn, Weyburn, Whitewood, Wilcox, Wilkie, Yellowgrass, Yorkton, and Zealandia.
The W.C.T.U. was organised into five levels, from broadest in scope to narrowest: world/international Unions; national Unions; provincial Unions; district Unions and local Unions. Each Union was equipped with an executive structure of a president and nine officers, and at the provincial and local levels there was a full executive with the addition of twenty department superintendents. Each union was not able to fill all positions and not all departments were worked by every Union. There were also three different youth organisations, based on age: Little White Ribboners (up to 7 years of age); Loyal Temperance Union (7-14 years or age); and Youth Temperance Council (14 years of age and up).
The goal of the W.C.T.U. was to protect the home from dangerous influences and strengthen family life, but its primary objective was to promote total abstinence from alcohol. As part of its pro-family program, the W.C.T.U. lobbied for prohibition laws (and later anti-tobacco and anti-drug laws), and also supported women's suffrage, social reform legislation, and the abolition of prostitution. It also held a strong interest in marriage licences; citizenship and new immigrants; removing obscene literature from bookstores; as well as causes such as world peace and child welfare. As a Christian movement, the W.C.T.U. encouraged Bible readings and prayer recitation in schools.
In order to achieve the objectives of the W.C.T.U. twenty departments were created and supervised by superintendents. These departments were: Anti-gambling; Archives; Child Welfare; Cinema & Printed Matter; Citizen & Canadianization; Cooperation with Women's Church Groups; Evangelistic; Community Friendship; Legislation & Law Enforcement; Little White Ribboners; Medical Health and Nutrition; Moral Education; Narcotic Drugs; Non-Alcoholic Fruit Products; Out-Post Members; Peace & International Relations; Prisoner's Welfare; Publicity & Society Meetings; School of Methods; Medal & Talent Contests; World & Canadian Missions; and Work Among Soldiers and Sailors.
By the 1970's, the W.C.T.U. in Saskatchewan suffered dwindling interest and enrolment, and the last local chapters seem to have folded in 1979.
- PA 435
Roy Theodore Graham was born on December 11, 1887 at Smiths Falls, Ontario to William J. and Jessie (McKenny) Graham. He enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1915 and served with the 10th Canadian Battalion in France during the First World War. Graham received his legal education at Osgoode Hall, Toronto.
Graham read law with Daniel Buckles, K.C. and was called to the Saskatchewan Bar in 1922. He practiced law in Swift Current and served as a Crown prosecutor for the Swift Current area (1926-1929; 1934-1940). Graham was appointed King's Counsel in Saskatchewan on December 31, 1932.
Graham's political career began in 1921, when he ran unsuccessfully as a Government candidate for the Swift Current constituency in the Saskatchewan general election. Graham was elected to the House of Commons as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Swift Current in 1940 and served until his defeat in 1945.
Graham served as Assistant Clerk of the House of Commons from August, 1945 to 1948, when he was appointed as a judge of the Saskatchewan Court of King's Bench. Graham took an immediate leave from his judicial position to serve as chairman of the Canadian Income Tax Appeal Board. He returned to Regina in 1951 and began his tenure as a judge. In 1957 and 1958, Graham chaired the Saskatchewan Royal Commission on Certain Mineral Transactions. After his retirement from the Court of Queen's Bench in 1960, Graham continued to reside in Regina until his death on February 26, 1965.
Graham married Gertrude Amy Matthews on August 6, 1924. The Grahams had two daughters, a step-son and eight grandchildren.
- PA 235
David G. Mandelbaum was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1911 to Sam and Lena (Goodman) Mandelbaum. He attended Northwestern University where, in 1932, he was awarded the first Bachelor of Arts in anthropology in the University's history. Mandelbaum took his doctorate at Yale University in 1936. His dissertation was the result of extensive field work in Saskatchewan in 1934 and 1935. This dissertation, "The Plains Cree, An Anthropologic, Historical and Comprehensive Study" was published in 1936 and has remained a standard resouce on the subject.
Mandelbaum was particularly well known for his anthropological studies of India and its people, especially the Kola and the Cochin Jews. In 1946 he joined the University of California, Berkeley Department of Anthropology where his extensive south and southwestern Asian experience helped to broaden the department's perspective. Mandelbaum taught at Berkeley until his retirement in 1978 and remained an active professor emeritus until his death in 1987. At the time of his death on April 19, 1987, Mandelbaum was survived by his wife, Ruth, son Michael, and daughter, Susan (Tohbe).
- LGA 43
- Local Government
The Village of Truax, Saskatchewan was an urban municipality incorporated on September 9, 1912. The town was originally to have been named Schuett after Joseph Schuett, one of the first homesteaders in the district, but was named Truax, after Reuben Truax of Ontario, a close friend of Martin Schuett Sr. The Village of Truax was located on the Canadian National Railway line between Moose Jaw and Radville.
The village was governed by an elected council that could hire staff to manage daily administration and maintain municipal services, such as roads, utilities and recreation facilities. The responsibilities of the council included enforcing bylaws; waste management; fire protection; maintaining public utilities, roads and streets; issuing tax and assessment notices, and collecting taxes and other fees.
The Village of Truax was governed originally by an overseer, councilors, and a secretary-treasurer. Later, the governance structure of Saskatchewan villages changed to include a mayor (formerly the overseer), councilors and a secretary-treasurer. In Truax, the first overseer was F.A. Bennett, and the first secretary-treasurer was Joseph Duck. In February 1923, a fire consumed the Municipal Office building in Truax, destroying many of the records for the village.
On December 31, 1970, the Village of Truax reverted to a hamlet and sometime before 2002 the hamlet was dissolved. The residents of the community came under the jurisdiction of Elmsthorpe Rural Municipality No. 100.
- PA 437
The Saskatchewan Land Surveyors' Association (SLSA) was established in 1910 and incorporated on January 25, 1913 pursuant to the Benevolent Societies Act. The SLSA is an organization of professional land surveyors and professional surveyors who are registered to practice in accordance with the provisions of the Land Surveyors and Professional Surveyors Act of Saskatchewan (S.S. 1995, c.L-3.1). Professional land surveyors are responsible for determining, measuring and establishing boundaries of land. Professional surveying also includes: construction, topographic, photogrammetric, hydrographic and geodetic surveying.
The Association's objectives are to ensure the proficiency of its members; to regulate its members in the practices of professional land surveying and professional surveying; and to govern its members in accordance with the Act, the by-laws, and all other applicable acts or regulations. The Association can refuse, suspend or cancel licenses and hears and determines complaints against its members. Examinations of candidates for admission to study or practice as land surveyors is under the jurisdictional control of the University of Saskatchewan.
The Association's office is located in Regina. The officers include a president, vice-president, and secretary-treasurer. The Council consists of the president, vice-president, past president and four other councilors. Administrative staff includes the executive director, an executive assistant and a newsletter editor. Individual chartered members of the SLSA chair various committees, which perform specific functions. The Association has an Executive Committee; Standing Committees; Special Committees and Ad Hoc Committees if special needs or projects arise. The SLSA publishes a quarterly newsletter and is a member of the Canadian Council of Land Surveyors. Categories of memberships include regular, life and honorary. The Association's annual meeting is usually held in May of each year.
- PA 252
Alexander C. Cameron was born on June 30, 1907 in Avonhurst, Saskatchewan to Angus and Mary Cameron. He received his early schooling in Avonhurst and went on to attend Campion College in Regina, and the Normal School at the University of Saskatchewan where he received a teaching certificate. He taught in several southwest Saskatchewan communities, including Morse and Fox Valley, and then taught (1934 to December 1937) and became principal (1935 to December 1937) of Oasis-Richmound school in Richmound. He left teaching in 1941 to work with his brother-in law John (Jack) Stodalke in the operations of J. & M. Garage.
Cameron entered politics in 1947 as mayor of Richmound (1947 to 1963). He was first elected to the Saskatchewan Legislature in the 1948 general election as Liberal member for the Maple Creek constituency, defeating incumbent Beatrice Janet Trew (Cooperative Commonwealth Federation). He continued to sit as a member of the Legislative Assembly until he was defeated in the 1971 General Election by Eugene Frederick Flasch (New Democratic Party).
Cameron ran for the leadership of the Saskatchewan Liberal Party in 1959, but was defeated by Ross Thatcher on the first ballot. While in opposition Cameron acted as Finance critic. He served in the Ross Thatcher Government as Minister of Mineral Resources (1964-1971); and Minister of Telephones (1965-1970). He would later become president of the Liberal Party of Saskatchewan.
Cameron also served as Overseer of the Village-Trustee Larger School Union; organizing member of the Saskatchewan Teachers Federation; manager of the Richmound Credit Union; and member of the Knights of Columbus. He was an active proponent of the Swift Current health region.
On February 17, 1935 Cameron married Miriam Stodalka. They had four children: Marie, Roselain, Stuart and Grant. Cameron died in Regina on January 16, 1996.
- PA 438
George Herbert Barr was born in Norwich, Ontario on July 29, 1878 to George and Clara (Morphy) Barr. He received his early education at the Norwich Public School and the Model School in Woodstock, Ontario. Barr moved to Regina, North-West Territories (now Saskatchewan) in 1898. After graduating from the Normal School, Barr taught in Strasbourg and at the Royal North-West Mounted Police barracks in Regina. In 1902, he began to study law, articling with George W. Brown in Regina before attending Osgoode Hall, Toronto. He graduated in September, 1907.
Barr returned to Regina in 1907 and established Barr, Cumming, Barr, a private law practice in which he was senior partner. He was called to the Bar of Saskatchewan in 1907 and was appointed King's Counsel for Saskatchewan in 1917. Barr served as president of the Regina Bar Association and vice-president of the Canadian Bar Association. An authority on constitutional law, Barr appeared in front of the Supreme Court of Canada and the Privy Council of England on behalf of the Saskatchewan government. He also served as legal advisor to numerous cooperative associations, including the Saskatchewan Cooperative Livestock Producers; the Saskatchewan Poultry Pool and the Consumers' Cooperative Refineries Ltd.
Active in civic affairs, Barr served as an alderman for the City of Regina (1915-1916), a councilor of the Regina Board of Trade and sat on the board of the Regina Public Library. He was chairman of the Regina College Citizens' Committee and an executive member of numerous organizations, including the Saskatchewan Boy Scouts Association; the Regina YWCA; the Canadian Chamber of Commerce; the Canadian Club of Regina and the Saskatchewan Art Association. Barr was an active member of Knox Metropolitan Church and was named an honourary elder.
Barr died in Regina on February 5, 1960.
Barr married Ethel Laureen Dawson in 1906 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The Barrs had four children: Donald, Wallace, Robert and Kathleen.
- PA 433
Douglas McLaren Ewart was born in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan in August 1917 to McLaren and Susie (Auglin) Ewart. He had three siblings: Jack, Jim and Eric. Ewart attended primary and secondary school in Moose Jaw before attending Queen's University School of Medicine, graduating with a degree in Anesthesiology in 1941. He established a practice in Moose Jaw in 1946, expanding to Regina in 1973. Ewart retired from medicine in 1990. Douglas and his wife, Louise, had three children: Patty, Doug and Judith. Ewart died in Moose Jaw on August 18, 2004 at the age of 87 years.