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Horse Co-operative Marketing Association, Limited, 1944-1949

  • PA 138
  • Corporate
  • 1944-1949

By the end of the Second World War, heavy farm horses were considered redundant and of little market value. Furthermore, the horses were placing immense pressure on grazing lands that producers preferred to allot to cattle. Horse breeding almost ceased to exist, and hundreds of thousands of Saskatchewan horses were systematically destroyed with little regard to their high quality breeding.

The Saskatchewan Horse Co-operative Marketing Association, Limited was established in 1944 in accordance with the Co-operative Marketing Associations Act for the specific purpose of liquidating part or all of a horse surplus on the prairies. An organizational meeting was conducted on March 1, 1944. Listeners were warned by a Dominion Department of Agriculture representative (Jack Byers) that in order to sell large numbers of horses, the producers must be willing to sell them cheaply. A minimum price of 3 cents per pound was suggested. The Association was incorporated on April 6, 1944 as the Saskatchewan Horse Co-operative Association, Limited. Because abattoirs were operated at both Swift Current and Edmonton, the word "Saskatchewan" in the name was dropped within the first year.

Nearly a quarter of million western horses were slaughtered, processed and sold as pickled or canned meat to Belgium and the United Nations Relief Organization. Nineteen million dollars worth of products was shipped from these plants and the meat helped to relieve post-war hunger in Europe. Operations are well-documented and ran, by all accounts, very smoothly. The Executive Committee consisted of a President, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, Treasurer, Chief Accountant, General Manager, and Plant Superintendent. They met twice a month to approve expenditures, authorize hiring and firing of personnel, regulate salaries, and enter into contracts.

The policy of the Association was to pay farmers and ranchers for horses delivered and to make an initial payment in cash at the time of delivery. Payment was based on weight and grade, with the average initial payment being $25 per horse. At the end of the financial year, the net proceeds realized from the sale of products processed were allocated to members on the basis of number of pounds of live-weight horses delivered. For each horse delivered, the member subscribed one share in the capital stock of the Association at $1 and there was deducted the sum of $3 for each horse delivered for a reserve fund.

Co-operative organizations fall under the legislation of the provinces, assuming that the sphere of activity of such association is what may be defined as "local" and limited to operations within the boundaries of a province. When the Association acquired its Edmonton plant, it applied for and was granted registration in Alberta under the Alberta Companies Act. Anticipating a future dispute over registration in other provinces, and recognizing that the scope of the activities was wider than originally anticipated and increasing rapidly, the Directors passed a resolution to authorize members of the Board to petition Parliament of Canada for the passing of a special Act to incorporate a Co-operative with national status. A special meeting to consult with delegates was held on February 28, 1948. The action was unanimously approved. On June 30, 1948, Royal Assent was given to an Act to Incorporate Canadian Co-Operative Processors Limited and that Act is now Chapter 83 of The Statutes of Canada, 1948.

The organizational meeting of Canadian Co-operative Processors Limited was held at Swift Current on July 16, 1948, and the usual procedure in organizing companies was followed, This resulted in a very similar list of directors being appointed, including Messrs. L.B. Thomson, Clifford S. Shirriff, G.C. Stewart, Cornelius Jahnke, Robert Thomas, Chas. H. Powlett, Perry A Minor.

On August 20, 1949, the Association and the Company entered into the agreement, which is set forth in Bill No. 17, Respecting an Agreement Between Horse Co-operative Marketing Association Limited and Canadian Co-operative Processors Limited. The Association agreed to convey the whole of its undertaking to the Company. Members were slow to submit the required agreements for the amalgamation (though not opposed to the concept), imperiling the process. Therefore, a special resolution was made through provisions in Bill 17, allowing the company to be wound up.

Association culturelle de Bellevue Inc., 1981-

  • PA 147
  • Corporate
  • 1981-

The Association culturelle de Bellevue was incorporated as a non-profit corporation on September 22, 1981, and is currently (2010) active in the Bellevue, Saskatchewan district, north of Saskatoon. Its purpose is to act as a regional community organization to promote francophone culture and community development, and to conduct fundraising and community-building activities. The five member executive includes a president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, and general director. The Association was renamed the Centre francophone BDS Inc. October 9, 2009.

Cadbury, George Woodall, 1907-1995

  • PA 148
  • Individual
  • 1907-1995

George Woodall Cadbury was born in Kings Norton, Birmingham, England to George and Edith Caroline (née Woodall) Cadbury. He was a grandson of the founder of the Cadbury chocolate company. He was educated at the Quaker school, Leighton Park, at King's College in Cambridge, and at the University of Pennsylvania. Following his education, Cadbury worked as a director at British Canners, Ltd (1929-1935) and Alfred Bird & Sons, Ltd. (1935-1945). During World War II, Cadbury was loaned from Bird's to become deputy director of production at the Ministry of Aircraft Production and the British Air Commission (Washington, D.C.). When he was 16 years old, Cadbury joined the Labour Party, becoming involved in the democratic socialist movement.

In the summer of 1945, David Lewis, future leader of the New Democratic Party (NDP) , invited Cadbury to Saskatchewan to see the newly elected Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) government. In December, 1945, Cadbury became chairman of the province's Economic Advisory and Planning Board (EAPB) where he served until 1951. As part of the EAPB, Cadbury provided advice to Cabinet on improving the Crown corporations and establishing the Budget Bureau and the Government Finance Office, which later became the Crown Investments Corporation. Cadbury also served as Chief Industrial Executive.

In 1951, Cadbury left Saskatchewan to pursue a career at the United Nations, where he became the first director of the UN Technical Assistance Program, retiring in 1960. He moved to Toronto, Ontario in 1961. Cadbury served as president and federal treasurer of the Ontario New Democratic Party (1961-1971).

From 1954 on, Cadbury and his wife were active with the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), including becoming special representatives in 1960. In 1963, Cadbury and his wife organized a federation of Canadian birth-control societies that in 1975 became the Planned Parenthood Federation of Canada. Cadbury also became Chairman Emeritus of the IPPF in 1975.

Cadbury died in Oakville, Ontario on February 25, 1995.

Cadbury married Mary Barbara Pierce in 1935. They had two daughters, Lyndall Elizabeth and Caroline Ann.

Phillips, R.H.D. (Bob), 1921-2006

  • PA 159
  • Individual
  • 1921-2006

Robert Howard Daniel Phillips was born on December 3, 1921 in Regina, Saskatchewan to Whitman H. and Mayme (Wilson) Phillips. He was educated at Davin School, Central Collegiate and Regina College. After serving in World War II, Phillips earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and Political Science from the University of Saskatchewan.

After graduation, Phillips worked as a journalist for the Canadian Press in Vancouver and Toronto; the Leader-Post in Regina and United Press International in London, England. In June 1960, Phillips joined the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool in Regina as an economist and director of research. In 1973, he moved to Saskatoon to become general manager of the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool printing and publishing division and editor and publisher of the Western Producer and Western Producer Prairie Books. During this period, Phillips also wrote a weekly column and two books: Out West (1978) and Prairie Journal (1986). After his retirement on December 31, 1986, Phillips and his wife established Bell Phillips Communications Inc., a family-owned publishing company. Phillips wrote and published numerous books, including several local and family histories.

Phillips was the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Regina (1988); an honorary life membership in the Saskatchewan Institute of Agrologists (1990); the Saskatchewan Centennial Medal; the Queen Elizabeth Golden Jubilee Medal and the Citizen of the Century Award from the City of Saskatoon. Phillips was named a Fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada (1989); named to the Order of Canada (2002) and named a member of the Saskatchewan Agricultural Hall of Fame.

Phillips died in Saskatoon on May 6, 2006.

Phillips married Tanyss Bell on October 27, 1951. They had two sons: Robert (Sandy) and Peter.

Lupus Erythematosus Society of Saskatchewan Incorporated, 1981-

  • PA 154
  • Corporate
  • 1981-

The Lupus Erythematosus Society of Saskatchewan (L.E.S.S.) was founded by people suffering from Lupus in 1979 in Saskatoon. A larger group from across Saskatchewan met on March 19, 1980 at the Royal University Hospital in Saskatoon. The mandate of this group is to provide support for those affected by Lupus through understanding, education, public awareness, and research. It was incorporated under the Non-Profit Corporations Act on March 5, 1981. The lupine flower logo and motto "Hope is Growing" was adopted in 1983. In March 1983, L.E.S.S. passed a resolution allowing the formation of Chapters within the province.

The activities of the Lupus Erythematosus Society of Saskatchewan include: to raise funds for the operation of L.E.S.S.; to raise funds for publicity to inform the public; to help the medical profession discover more about Lupus Erythematosus, through the patients; to have social activities for the purpose of public and member relations; to have guest speakers at meeting of members as a form of education; to have a library of information available for the education of the members and the public; and to correspond with other Lupus Societies in Canada and the United States.

L.E.S.S. is governed by a Board of Directors consisting of at least five and no more than twelve people. The original executive consisted of a President (Alison Tod), Vice-President (Louise Wickett), Secretary-Treasurer (Patricia Leece), and Newsletter (Barbara Barnes). L.E.S.S. is currently (2010) governed by a president, first vice-president, second-vice-president, secretary, treasurer, corresponding secretary, newsletter editor, provincial phone contact, librarian, essay chair, and fundraising chair, as well as four auxiliary directors.

Saskatoon Gallery and Conservatory Corporation, 1967-

  • PA 151
  • Corporate
  • 1967-

In the early 1960s, Frederick (Fred) Mendel, the founder of Intercontinental Packers Ltd., a meat processing company in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, approached City of Saskatoon Mayor Sidney L. Buckwold to discuss the building of a civic art gallery. Mendel donated $175,000 to the City of Saskatoon, with additional funding provided by the Province of Saskatchewan. A location for the gallery was chosen at 950 Spadina Crescent East, along the South Saskatchewan River. The Mendel Art Gallery was opened to the public on October 16, 1964. The Saskatoon Gallery and Conservatory Corporation was incorporated as a non-profit corporation to operate the Mendel Art Gallery on January 31, 1967.

The mandate of the Saskatoon Gallery and Conservatory Corporation is the exhibition, interpretation and collection of art. Its activities include collecting, displaying, and preserving artwork in Saskatoon, developing permanent and temporary exhibitions, and conducting public and school programs. The Corporation is supported by donations and grants from the City of Saskatoon, The Canada Council and the Governments of Saskatchewan and Canada.

The Saskatoon Gallery and Conservatory Corporation is currently (2010) governed by a board of directors and an executive consisting of a chairman, past-chair, treasurer, secretary, and three trustees. The Corporation also currently has seventeen paid employees, fifty voting members, and about four hundred honorary, non-voting members.

Pyroil Company, [193-?]-1958

  • PA 527
  • Corporate
  • 1930-1958

The Pyroil Company was an American manufacturing company founded by W.V. Kidder in the early 1930s. Based in La Crosse, Wisconsin, the company manufactured heat resistant lubricants for internal combustion engines including automobiles, airplanes, tractors, marine vehicles and machinery and equipment. The company's products were distributed in Canada. Carey C. Purinton distributed the products in Saskatchewan from the early 1930s to the early 1960s. The company advertised in Saskatchewan on radio and in print and erected displays at the yearly provincial exhibitions in Regina and Saskatoon. In 1958, the Pyroil Company merged with Kleen-Pak Corporation of West Salem, Illinois.

Purdy, Harriet Margaret, 1899-1984

  • PA 164
  • Individual
  • 1899-1984

Harriet (Hattie) M. Purdy was an award-winning Saskatchewan poultry breeder. Born in 1899, Hattie Purdy's parents were both of pioneer families. Her maternal grandparents, Anthony and Harriet Neville, homesteaded in the Cottonwood district beginning in 1883. Her paternal grandfather, Thomas Purdy, relocated to Saskatchewan from Ontario in 1883, settling in the Boggy Creek area. His grown sons, including Hattie Purdy's father, Russell, followed shortly thereafter. Russell Purdy married L. May Neville in 1896. In 1913, Russell Purdy's health failed, and he moved his family into Regina. He died in 1924.

In 1925, the remaining Purdy family purchased Aspenridge Farm, near Balcarres. Most of the family moved out to the farm, including Hattie Purdy, her older brother Lawrence Purdy (B.S.A.), her younger siblings, and her maternal grandparents. Anthony Neville passed away the first winter on the farm; Harriet Neville passed away two years later.

Aspenridge Farm required significant rehabilitation. The existing livestock was replaced, and (among other purchases) a small flock of Barred Plymouth Rock chickens were brought into the farm and placed under the management of Hattie Purdy, then 26 years of age. The poultry business soon became a mainstay of the farm. Hattie Purdy became a leader in the poultry farming community, speaking at conferences, showing at exhibitions (including the Agricultural Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in England in 1930), and eventually being inducted into the Saskatchewan Poultry Hall of Fame.

Hattie Purdy was very close with her mother and grandmother, who were both trained as schoolteachers and homesteaded farms. She became the primary caregiver for her mother, L. May, who suffered a protracted illness and passed away in 1961. She retired from poultry breeding shortly after her mother's death, moving into Balcarres and taking up an interest in her family's history. She travelled to Ontario to collect family reminiscences, participated in the Saskatchewan Oral History Programme, and led a project to publish Harriet Neville's reminiscences in Canada: A Historical Magazine, in 1975. Hattie Purdy died in 1984, and is buried in the Balcarres Cemetery.

Krause, Carl A. (Carl Allan), 1936-

  • PA 144
  • Individual
  • 1936-

Dr. Carl A. Krause is a teacher, principal, educational psychologist and author whose writing focuses on local and Mennonite history. Many of Krause's writings discuss the challenges and persecution faced by his ancestors in the early 20th century. Krause's book, Two Apples in a Jar: A Homesteader's Tragedy, is an account of the tragic murder of his great-uncle, Jacob Krause.

Krause's grandparents were American Mennonites, Cornelius (1878-1951) and Elizabeth (Nickel) Krause (1875-1948) and took part in a trek to Saskatchewan in 1918 in order to escape conscription. They settled in the Eigenheim area, purchased a farm and raised a family of four sons, including Krause's father, Bernhard (1903-1973). The trek is the focus of Krause's 2005 article in the Saskatchewan Mennonite Historian, "A Lesser Known Mennonite Migration."

Krause's mother was Helena Epp (1901-1996), daughter of Gerhard Epp (1864-1919) and Katherine (Janzen) Epp (1868-1944). Gerhard Epp was a founder and minister of Eigenheim Mennonite Church and the subject of Krause's article, "Two Mennonite Homesteaders." Helena Epp married Bernhard Krause in 1925.

Krause currently (2017) resides in Saskatoon. He has a son, Stuart, and two daughters, Risa and Tanya, and is married to Lily (Baergen) Krause.

Blakiston, Thomas Wright, 1832-1891

  • PA 163
  • Individual
  • 1832-1891

Thomas Wright Blakiston (1832-1891) was born at Lymington, Hampshire, England. He was the son of Major John Blakiston, second son of Sir Matthew Blakiston, 2nd Baronet. His mother was Jane, daughter of Reverend Thomas Wright, Rector of Market Bosworth, Leicestershire. Blakiston received his education at St. Paul's School, Southsea. He continued on to the Royal Military Academy (Woolwich). After completing his training, he received a commission in the Royal Artillery, and served in England, Ireland, and North America, until his battery was ordered for the Crimea, in the spring of 1855.

When the Palliser Expedition was organized for the purpose of exploring the country lying between Canada and the Rocky Mountains, Blakiston was appointed and charged with the duty of conducting the magnetic, temperature, and other observations. Blakiston traveled inland from Hudson Bay to reach Fort Carlton in October of 1857. He carried out daily magnetic and meteorological observation at Fort Carlton from November 12, 1857, to April 16, 1858. In addition, he recorded 129 species of birds (including the first record of the nests of the ferriginous hawk) and took specimens of 100 of them. He left Fort Carlton at the end of June.

When the expedition moved on towards the Rocky Mountains in the following summer (1858), he "threw off the command" of Palliser and ascended and crossed the range independently of the rest of the party. Blakiston carried out a line of levels over the Pass and return by the Boundary Pass, the chief part of which lies in American territory.

Returning to England from North America, he published an account of this journey at Woolwich in 1859, under the title "Report of the Exploration of two Passes through the Rocky Mountains in 1858". He was then ordered with his battery to China in the last Chinese war, and served with it at Canton. After the war, in 1861, he organized the expedition for the exploration of the Yang-tze River. The party was able to reach Ping-shan, beyond the mouth of the Min, a distance 900 miles further than had previously been reached by the English, and brought back a rich store of geographical and other information. He received the Royal Patron's Medal for these efforts. A popular account of the journey was soon after published by Blakiston, under the title of "Five Months on the Yang-tze, with a narrative of the exploration of its upper water; illustrated by A. Barton." (London, 1862). Scientific narratives of the expedition were published by other members of the expedition.

On the return of the Yang-tsze Expedition Blakiston made a short visit to Japan, and, after a sojourn in England, he resigned his commission in the artillery and went to Japan to settle in the country, traveling by way of Russia, Siberia, and the Amur. Fixing his residence at Hakodate, in Yezo, he founded saw mills with the intention of establishing a timber trade based on the great primitive forests of the island and the demand for timber in China. His plans were frustrated by the opposition of the Japanese government, however he remained at Hakodate as a merchant for many years. During this time he made extensive journeys into the interior of the island.

He relocated to the United States in 1884, settling at length in New Mexico and then in California. He married Ann Mary, daughter of James Dunn, in 1885. They had two children. Although chiefly distinguished as an adventurous and observant traveler, in America he also was recognized as a naturalist of merit, particularly in ornithology. For some time he was an active correspondent of the Zoological Society, sending living animals to the gardens they kept in Regent's Park. He also published "Japan in Yezo", which provided a summary of his experience during his twenty years residence in the island. It was Blakiston who first drew attention to the existence of pit-dwellers (a pre-Aino race) in Yezo.

Thomas Blakiston died at San Diego, California, in 1891. His wife survived him by 46 years.

The main portion of the collection of birds he made in Yezo were presented to the Hakodate Museum. The Tsugaru Strait in Asia was established as a major zoogeographical boundary, known as "Blakiston Line." An owl specimen that Blakiston collected in Hakodate, Japan in 1883, was later described by Henry Seebohm and named "Blakiston's Fish Owl." Numerous geographic locations near the Kootenay pass bear his name.

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